LAMAR BIOGRAPHIES

Charles Augustus Lafayette Lamar
Gazaway Bugg Lamar
Henry Graybill Lamar
Jefferson Mirabeau Lamar
John Lamar, RS
John Basil Lamar
Joseph Rucker Lamar
Lucius Quintus Cinncinatus Lamar, Sr.
Lucius Quintus Cinncinatus Lamar, Jr.
Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar
Peter Lamar


Charles Augustus Lafayette Lamar, 1824 - 1865

Charles Augustus Lafayette Lamar was born in Savannah, Georgia on 01 April 1824 to Gazaway Bugg Lamar and Jane Meek Cresswell. The Marquis de Lafayette was his godfather and was present at his baptism. He married Caroline Agnes Nicoll about 1846 in Georgia. Together they had Eliza Anderson, Jane Cresswell, Mary, Caroline Nicoll, Georgia G., and Mary S. Lamar. He was killed on 16 April 1865 while serving as colonel of 25th Reg. GA Cavalry near Columbus, Muscogee County, Georgia. He is buried at Laurel Grove Cemetery, Chatham County, Georgia.

Charles was a controversial figure. He was a dealer in the slave trade and was a secessionist. He was the owner of the slave ship "Wanderer", a schooner-yacht. She was the fastest yacht of her day. She competed with the New York Yacht Club squadron but outclassed them all and was not allowed to compete in the races. The yacht cruised to Havana, Cuba that winter. Then she was fitted out for the slave trade in April of 1858 in Port Jefferson Harbor. She was seized when departing Port Jefferson and was towed to New York. The captain probably bought his way out and was allowed to leave for Charleston, South Carolina. The real owner, C A. L. Lamar showed up in Charleston. Her fitting was completed in Charleston and she sailed for the African Slave Coast in 1858. The vessel was seized again, Lamar was arrested on federal charges. He was sentenced to 30 days in jail and given a $500 fine but was allowed to serve his term in his "apartment" over his office. He was then able to buy it back in 1859. He lost further interest in the slave trade when the Civil War broke out. "The Wanderer" was used by the Union forces during the War. Afterwards it was used in coastal trade and was wrecked and destroyed on Cape Maisi, Cuba in January 1871. She is also known as "The Last Slaver". Charles' father, Gazaway Bugg Lamar, did not believe in the slave trade. He wrote in a letter to Charles in 1857, "An expedition to the moon would have been equally sensible, and no more contrary to the laws of Providence. May God forgive you for all your attempts to violate his will and his laws."

C. A. L. Lamar organized a contingent of The Confederate Army. "The Lamar Rangers", McIntosh County, GA, 1st Georgia Cavalry Battalion, Capt. William Brailsford's Company. Also known as "The Savannah Mounted Rifles". He was killed by a stray shot in the streets of Columbus, Georgia in April 1865. He was a colonel in 25th GA Cavalry when he died. One account says that he had a confrontation with Yankee soldiers, that the soldiers said he tried to draw a weapon and one of them killed him. Known as the "last conspicuous man" killed in the Civil War.

Director of the Bank of Commerce
Director of the Savannah, Alabany and Gulf Railroad
President of the Plank Road Company
Owner of one of Savannah's largest cotton warehouses

Said to have had red hair.
At age of 14, tried to save his mother and five brothers and sisters from The Pulaski wreck.

What is reported to be the Confederate revolver of C. A. L. Lamar is shown on a auction website. It was being sold along with 50 pages of documents and letters written by Charles and another 50 pages dealing with his slave ship for $2500. A picture can be seen here: Revolver

A picture of C. A. L. Lamar's tombstone located here: tombstone

Other sources of biographical information:

"Ship Building in Suffolk County" Ship Building in Suffolk County

"Savanah in the National Spotlight, The Wanderer" The Wanderer

Picture of "The Wanderer" Picture


Gazaway Bugg Lamar, 1798 - 1874

Gazaway Bugg Lamar was the son of Basil Lamar and Rebecca Kelly. He was born on 02 October 1798 in Augusta, Richmond County, Georgia. He became a prominent and wealthy banker of Georgia and New York. Gazaway married first to Jane Meek Cresswell in 1821 in Richmond County, Georgia. To them were born Martha, Charles August Lafayette, William S., Rebecca, Thomas, Lucius, and Caroline Lamar. The surviving members of Gazaway's first family met with great tragedy. In June of 1838, the family was traveling on the steamship Pulaski. There was a huge explosion and all but Gazaway, son Charles, and his sister Rebecca were lost.

"Somewhere between Savannah and New York, the ill-fated steamer was wrecked at sea. Gazaway Lamar, his son, Charles and his sister, Rebecca were the only members of the family on board who escaped the disaster. Three children of Gazaway Lamar and also his wife were among the lost. It was one fo the most terrible fatalities of its kind ever known; but amid all the horrors of the wild scene, the heroism of Rebecca was such as to make her deservedly famous among the women of Georgia." [History of Baldwin County, Georgia]

You can read his sister Rebecca's account of the disaster here. Wreck of the Pulaski.

Gazaway was married second to Harriet De Cazeneau in 1839. Gazaway and Harriet had Anthony C., G. DeRossett, Charlotte A., Annie Cazenove, Emily, and Harriet C. Lamar. Gazaway died at his daughter's home while on a business trip to New York in 1874.

Other facts of his life:
Large slave-holder at one time.
Introduced the nation's first iron steam ship in 1834 - The SS John Randolph, launched in Savannah on 09 July 1834. Prefabricated in Birkenhead, England. Shipped in segments and assembled in the harbor. 100 feet long and 22 feet wide. She was a great success in the river trade.
Well-to-do Augusta and Savannah businessman and banker
Early 1850's - moved to New York City
Founded and headed the Bank of the Republic - heavily involved in Southern trade
Howell Cobb frequently asked his advice and assistance in his private and public life.
Provided financial assistance to Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar
Disapproved of his son Charles Augustus Lafayette Lamar's involvement in the slave trade.
Opponent of secession.
As states were starting to leave the Union, he stayed in New York for awhile and acted as a sort of secret agent for the Confederacy. He arranged with Gov. Joseph E. Brown of Georgia to purchase ten thousand muskets that were shipped to Georgia and for the printing of millions of dollars in Confederate bonds.
Sold many of his Northern concerns and put the proceeds in a Canadian bank.
Returned to Georgia - became President of the Bank of Commerce, Savannah
During the Civil War - Operated a fleet of blockade runners. Advisor to President Davis and Secs. of Treasury Memminger and Trenholm
He believed that free trade in cotton would keep the Confederacy going
He disapproved of how money was borrowed and printed to finance the war.
Pardoned early after the war, but later accused of being involved in the assassination of President Lincoln and was arrested. He was later released without any charges being brought against him.
Arrested again for supposedly lying and stealing to regain his property seized by the U. S. Government. He was convicted of this but was relased by order of President Johnson.
He left $100,000 for the construction of a home for the aged and infirm Negroes in Savannah.

Links used for this bio:
"Savannah" and "John Randolph" State Historical Marker http://www.cviog.uga.edu/Projects/gainfo/gahistmarkers/savannah-randhistmarker.htm

Short Biographies of 19th Century Southerners, Carole E. Scott http://members.tripod.com/adm/popup/roadmap.shtml?member_name=car0lesc0tt&path=figures.htm&client_ip=152.163.189.133&ts=999012381&ad_type=POPUP&id=fb04b88feb6c4aec1617eb50e54decce


Henry Graybill Lamar, 1798 - 1861

Henry Graybill Lamar was the son of John Lamar and Frances Breedlove. He was born 10 July 1798 in Clinton, Jones Co, GA. He married Mary Ann Davis on 28 Oct 1823 in Columbia Co, GA. Their children were: Amelia Louisa, Gazaway Davis, Georgia Ann, Anderson, Leonidas, John, Henry Graybill,Jr., Sarah R., Victoria, Mary Gazaline, Clementius F., Matilda Julia, Iola Estelle, and Ida Lochram Lamar. Henry died on 10 Sept. 1861 in Macon, Bibb Co, GA. He is buried in Rose Hill Cemetery in Macon.

Highlights of his life:

Representative from Georgia
Pursued an academic course; studied law; was admitted to the bar and practiced in Macon, GA
Judge of the State Superior Court
Member of the State House of Representatives
Elected as Democrat to the 21st Congress to fill vacancy from the resignation of George R. Gilmer
Re-elected 22nd Congress. Served from 7 Dec 1829 to 3 Mar 1833
Unsuccessful candidate for 23rd Congress
Unsuccessful candidate for Governor in 1857
Assoc Justice State Supereme Court

Death Notice:
"We are grieved to learn of the death of the Hon. Henry G. LAMAR, Judge of the Macon Circuit. Some months ago he was attacked with paralysis, from which he had sufficiently recovered to discharge his official duties, and his friends indulged the hope that he would survive many years. The character of Judge Lamar was an enviable one. Of friends he had many - of enemies none. He was aide to Gov. Troup in 1825 when Gen. Lafayette visited Georgia. In 1829, he was elected a Representative to Congress to fill a vacancy declared by Gov. Forsyth, in the case of Mr. Gilmer, and was subsequently re-elected. His last surviving son, Leonidas LAMAR, who had been but a few months married, fell at the battle of Manassas. Judge LAMAR died at Macon, on 31 August 1861, aged about 65 years.", page 350.

SOURCE: Southern Recorder, Milledgeville

SOURCE: The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Volume VI


Jefferson Mirabeau Lamar, 1835-1862

Jefferson Mirabeau Lamar, born 03 Jan 1835 in Milledgeville, Baldwin Co, GA, was the youngest son of L. Q. C. Lamar, Sr and Sarah Williamson Bird. He married Mary Athena Lamar, his cousin, on 23 July 1861 in Clarke Co, GA. He was killed at the battle of Crampton's Gap in the Civil War on 15 September 1862. The following is on his memorial at his gravesite. It was supplied by Sandy Kelly:

"Lt. Col. Jefferson Meribeau Lamar commanded Cobb's Legion Infantry at Crampton's Gap. Lamar graduated from the University of Mississippi before opening a law practice in Covington, GA. A month after his July 1861 marriage to his cousin, Mary Ann Lamar, who was the grandaughter of Mildred Cobb-Jackson, he was commissioned captain of the "Lamar Infantry", a unit later designated as Company A of the Legion. Highly regarded by his commanding officer, Col. T. R. R. Cobb, Lamar was also popular with other officers in the legion who elected him major in 1861 and lieutenant colonel in July 1862. Tragically, Lamar was wounded September 14, 1862 at Crampton's Gap and died the following day in Burk?? MD. His brother, U. S. Supreme Court Justice, L. Q. C. LAMAR, wrote, "I never knew a more perfect being from the time of his childhood up to the day of his death."


John Lamar, RS, 1762-1842

John was the son of Jeremiah Lamar and Sarah Unknown. He was born 17 July 1762 in the Edgefield District, South Carolina area. He was married to Frances Breedlove about 1785 in Georgia. They had Sally, Nancy (Ann B.), Jeremiah, James, Mary W., Benjamin B., Henry Graybill, Thomas R., and John Lamar.

Obituary in The South-Carolinian:
Died at his residence in Jones County, Georgia, on the 18th of Oct 1842, the venerable citizen and patriot - John Lamar, Esq., in the 81st year of his age. As a soldier of the Revolution, he was not only brave to a fault, but his services were of long continuance, and his sufferings excessive. He served under Gen'ls Marion and Pickens attached generally to the Battalion of the latter - was at the battle of Eutaw, Cowpens, Siege of Augusta, and in several other engagements - once taken a prisoner, but made his escape from the camp of Cornwallis, rescuing at the same time one of his cousins - was twice wounded during the war by the British, and once by the Indians after his removal to this State. He was a descendant of the Huguenots, who sought refuge in America from the persecutions of their own country - was born in South Carolina and emigrated to the State of Georgia, at the close of the Revolution.


John Basil Lamar, 1812-1862

John Basil Lamar was the son of Zachariah Lamar and Mary Ann Robinson. He was born 05 Nov 1812 in Baldwin Co, GA and died 15 Sept 1862 at the battle of Crampton's Gap in the Civil War.

Highlights of his life:

Attended Dr. Beman's school at Mount Zion, GA and Franklin College (now University of Georgia) at Athens in 1827.

Moved to a plantation near Macon, Bibb County, GA in 1830

Became a member of the Georgia Legislature in 1837 and 1838 and was elected to 28th Congress as a Democrat. Served from 4 Mar to 29 July 1843 when he resigned.

He resumed the management of his plantations which extended throughout central and southwest Georgia and into Florida.
Trustee of Univ of Georgia 1855-1858

He became a member of Georgia Secession Convention in 1861
Colonel in the Confederate Army on the staff of his brother-in-law, General Howell Cobb.

Mortally wounded in the battle at Crampton's Gap, MD
Died the following day, 15 Sept 1862


Joseph Rucker Lamar, 1857 - 1916

Joseph was born 14 October 1857 in Elbert County, Georgia to Rev. James Sanford Lamar and his wife Mary Rucker. He came to Augusta, Georgia in 1866, when his father was named minister of Emily Tubman's First Christian Church.
He attended University of Georgia, but graduated from West Virginia's Bethany College in 1877. Studied law at Washing and Lee University in Lexington, VA. Served as an apprentice before admitted to Georgia Bar in 1878.
He married Clarinda Huntington Pendleton in 1879. They had Phillip Rucker, William Pendleton, and mary Lamar
Distinguished lawyer - In 1890's, appointed one of three commissioners charged with the revision of the Georgia code. Justice Lamar alone prepared the volume on civil law that the state Legislature approved in 1895.
Served in Georgia legislature; appointed to Georgia Supreme Court in 1903. Resigned 1905 to practice law in partnership with Enoch Callaway in Augusta. Occasionally argued cases before the US Supreme Court.
1910 - appointed to US Supreme Court by President Taft
1914 - President Wilson asks Lamar to go to Latin America to negotiate a conference with Argentina, Brazil, and Chile during a crisis with Mexico. (Pres. Wilson and Justice Lamar grew up on same street as boys, Augusta's McIntosh St, now Seventh).
Died 02 Jan 1916. Buried at Summerville Cemetery, Augusta, Richmond County, Georgia.

Lucius Quintus Cinncinatus Lamar, Sr., 1797 - 1834

Lucius Quintus Cinncinatus Lamar, Sr. was the eldest son of John Lamar III and his wife, Rebecca Lamar, his first cousin. He was born 15 July 1797 in Warren County, Georgia, the part that became Putnam County. L. Q. C. received his unusual name from his uncle Zachariah Lamar who had great love for historical figures, both political and philosophical.

He was a student at Franklin College, University of Georgia. L.Q.C. studied law in the office of Joel Crawford at Milledgeville in 1816 and at the law school, Litchfield, Conn, 1817-1818; and was admitted to the Georgia bar in 1819 and settled in practice at Milledgeville.. He soon became recognized as an able and outstanding attorney. In 1821, he became a law partner with Joel Crawford. In 1830, he was elevated to the bench as the youngest judge in the State of Georgia, and was soon recognized as one of the ablest judges of that early period. He also possessed unusual literary culture. He revised Augustine S. Clayton's "Georgia Justice," published in 1819 and was chosen by the legislature of Georgia to compile the laws of Georgia from 1810 to 1820, published in 1821.

L. Q. C. married Sarah Williamson Bird in Baldwin Co, GA on 10 March 1819. Together they had eight children: Susan Rebecca, Mary Elizabeth, Sarah Williamson, Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus, Jr., Thompson Bird, Louisa Leonora, Mary Ann, and Jefferson Mirabeau Lamar.

In his capacity as a judge, it once became his duty to sentence to death a Methodist minister at Milledgeville after his conviction for the murder of his wife's fifteen year-old sister. The minister's wife was the principal witness against him yet the evidence was circumstantial. Apparently Lamar developed his own doubts about the guilt of the condemned man, and later, after the minister was hanged, a man in Mississippi confessed to the deed from the gallows. In a fit of melancholia, Lamar came into his house, quietly kissed his wife and children, then walked into the garden and shot himself. This was on 4 July 1834, when he was 37 years old.

Source: History of the Lamar or Lemar Family in America, Harold Dihel LeMar, 1941 and The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Vol. VI


Lucius Quintus Cinncinatus Lamar, Jr., 1825 - 1893

Lucius Quintus Cinncinatus Lamar, Jr. was the eldest son and the fourth child of L. Q. C. Lamar, Sr. and his wife Sarah Williamson Bird. He was born 17 September 1825 at "Fairfield", the family home near Eatonton in Putnam County, Georgia.

L. Q. C., Jr was educated at Emory College, Oxford, Georgia and graduated in 1845. He studied law in Macon in the office of A. H. Chappell, and was admitted to the bar in 1847. On 20 July 1846, he married Virginia L. Longstreet, the daughter of Judge Augustus B. Longstreet, the president of Emory College. The couple moved to Oxford, Mississippi where he became interested in politics. In 1857, he was elected to Congress where he remained until the outbreak of the war between the states. He then resigned his seat to accept a commission as Lieutenant-Colonel of a Mississippi regiment of the Confederate Army. In Nov. 1862, he was appointed Special Commissioner of the Confederate States to the Empire of Russia. Upon the termination of the conflict, he returned to Mississippi where he became professor of law at the Univ. of Miss. In 1873 he was again elected to Congress where he devoted his special talents to conciliation. In 1878 he was elected U. S. Senator in which capacity he served with distinction until 1885 when he became Secretary of the Interior in the cabinet of President Grover Cleveland. He served in this capacity until his appointment in 1888 as Justice of Supreme Court of the U.S. in which office he remained until his death in 1893.

Lucius had first wanted to marry Henrietta Dean but was denied. He subsequently married Virginia Longstreet, who died 28 Dec 1884. They had children: Sarah Augusta, Virginia Longstreet, Frances Elizabeth, L. Q. C. III, and an unnamed son. In 1887, Lucius finally married his first love, Henrietta Dean, who was now the widow of Gen. William L. Holt.

Supreme Court Justice Lucius Quintus Cinncinatus Lamar, Jr died on 23 January 1893 in Macon, Bibb County, Georgia.

Source: History of the Lamar or Lemar Family in America, Harold Dihel LeMar, 1941 and The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Vol. VI


Peter Lamar

Peter was the son of Basil Lamar and Mary Jane Patton. He was born sometime between 1780 and 1790 in Georgia. He married Sarah Cobb Benning about 1809 in Lincoln County, Georgia. He died sometime before 1850 in Lincoln County, Georgia. He is buried at the Lamar Family Cemetery in Lincolnton, Lincoln County, Georgia.

Peter represented Lincoln County, GA in the House of Representatives in 1811-12
Clerk of the Superior Court of Lincoln County from 1816-1834
Represented the county in the State Senate from 1834 to 1838
In War of 1812, 4th Regt, Booth's GA Volunteer Militia, Capt.
Founder of Lincolnton, Georgia
Gave land for first Presbyterian Church, The County Courthouse, and Jail
Styled "The King of Lincoln"
Peter built his house in Lincolnton in 1823. It is now called the Lamar-Blanchard House and is the only surviving representation of its type of plantation type home in the downtown area. It is used as the Welcome Center for Lincoln County and the office of the Chamber of Commerce. 03 Mar 1823. Deed was made by Peter for land west of the original courthouse in Lincolnton. The Old Union Church was built in that year on the land. It was the first and only church in the town until after the Civil War. The church was used as a school also.
Great-grandfather of Dr. Lucian Lamar Knight

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